The research process and the findings are presented below through a series of short videos.

This first video presents the research process and the key findings:

Next we present a series of five short videos that describes the findings through the lense of the proposed analytical framework. We believe that this approach to analysing small towns will help practioners to better plan for appropriate water and sanitation services in each town’s context.

Film 1: Introduction

Film 2: Household Level

Film 3: Town Level

Film 4: External Level

Film 5: Conclusion

WaterAid and BPD would welcome your comments (below) on these videos.


  1. Posted July 6, 2011 at 8:38 pm | Permalink

    While I believe your efforts have the best of intentions, it appears from videos and reports that the majority of investment has focused on defining complexity and inter-dependencies. An extremely low cost, sustainable, modular solution to providing potable water for up to 2,000 people is described at the above referenced website. The Meckow Aquapur has proven to meet international drinking water standards, provides up to 1,000 liters per hour, 24/7/365, requires no electricity and a 25 year lifespan. I would welcome the opportunity to provide additional information and can be reached at +521 811 498 9791 mobile or via email. Thank you, Ed Baggerly, Aquapur Mexico

    • Erik Harvey
      Posted September 12, 2011 at 4:56 pm | Permalink


      Thanks for your comments. However, the point of this work was not to find technical solutions, but rather look at ways in which we can address the water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) needs of these rapidly muchrooming town within an overall development context. Whereas you might have a particular solution, the WASH sector needs to look for ways in which these towns are able to select the best solutions that will not only function now, but be able to provide for a viable pathway to that’s towns needs in the future. Part of the problem that we cam across in this research process was that technical solutions were being provided without any clear understanding of the overall devloping context in each town, resulting in inappropriate and unsustainable systems.

      Beter analysis and planning is required and and the purpose of this work was to give some guidance to external agencies such as ours as to how this should be approached. Systems such as the Aquapur might find a place in the packages of solutions use in such contexts, but this decision will come off the back of improved planning processes, without which the Aquapur might work for a while, but then fail due to issues that might well have nothing to do with the actual technology.